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History

When creating civilization, the human being first used water, then earth and lastly fire. Eventually, all of them together. Human brain, human creativeness and human skill came to action. Water, earth and fire came together in Anatolia 8,000 years ago where the oldest legends of humanity were experienced. In that rich geography, which has opened its doors to countless civilizations like Lidia, Hittites, Urartu, Byzantium, Seljuki and Ottoman through history, hosted different cultures on its bountiful soil witnessing the most important transformations in human history… Whilst first ceramic were built in Çatalhöyük in 6,000 B.C., the Yang-Shao culture, an ancestor of Chinese civilization, had 2,000 years to wait to build its first pots.

CERAMICS… A tradition of 8,000 years born on Anatolian soil. With a past as old as humanity, the ceramic appeared before us along history in much different forms. Sometimes a bowl, a glass, a kiln; sometimes a pot, a jewel, a toy. An instrument shedding light on history, bearing traces of different cultures…

Neither the most ostentatious outfits could survive to our day without wear and tear, nor copper pottery and tools could make this tough trip. Only ceramic was able to make the hand reaching what is concealed in the earth, shake with excitement with its smoothness and robustness. It became a sound, enchanting evidence enlightening the past.
Looking at the origin of the ceramic, which we encounter in a major portion of our day-to-day living since ancient times to the contemporary, one sees that it is a great invention which has been indispensible in all phases of human history which is privileged, respectful of nature, coming to the forefront also with its artistic aspect. The ceramic, the main ingredient of which is earth, has entered the day-to-day life of the human being at a certain phase of world civilization and has been in use until now without interruption. As we look at the history of past civilizations today, we see ceramics everywhere from religious idols to architectural elements, from kitchen and decorative ware to communication tablets.


A glance taken to pottery or forms of ceramic ware made of fired clay along Anatolian history of civilization will display that this process reveals the development  of the human being and the history of civilization.  

The human being, which at the beginning fought for its life picking up the edible foods around him, moved to the settled lifestyle known as the Neolithic revolution after 10,000-8,000 B.C. and has started first production in that era. At that stage, the human being has taken a step towards making ceramic ware which it has used lovingly through centuries by intermingling the materials it found in nature.

The first ceramics works of art in history emerged from Anatolia.

The oldest ceramic artifacts recorded by history were unearthed in Anatolia. The ceramic pottery found in Hacılar and Alacahöyük regarded to be among the oldest settlements of the human being are dated to circa 6,000 B.C. These works are the original and the first artistic works set forth by the history of humanity in the field of ceramics.

Ceramics production, which started with the Neolithic Age, does not just appear before us in the form of day-to-day use bowls and similar ware. The Anatolian men charmed by the robustness of the ceramic shaped not only utilitarian ware but also the modern goddess figurines bearing the idols of religious rituals, jewelry and ornaments with earth, fire and water. He enlightened cave walls by candle sticks made of earth, wrote his letters on tablets and kept the ashes of the dead in earth made containers. The ceramic shed light on its own  period and the social and cultural life of the civilization it belonged to.

After Turks stepped on Anatolian soil; first Seljukis, and later Ottomans took the historical heritage of the human civilization to new horizons. Ceramic pottery transformed into the world famed tiles of the Ottomans. To tiles, which live in many a historical building even today, awing those who see them. Especially Iznik had become the pinnacle of the Ottoman tile tradition. And Ottomans have made a very significant contribution to the historical heritage of humanity with tile. The tradition, which started 8,000 years ago on these soils, has joined with Eastern and Western cultures. The ceramic pottery tradition of millenniums ago… The art of tile each an aesthetic wonder of the Ottomans… Tradition and art. This is the heritage in the yeast of Turkish Ceramics.
The Turkish ceramic ware carries the Ottoman heritage integrating the ceramic tradition of humanity with art to the future. In fact, it once again presents to the world, to humanity and the future, the ceramic tradition which is the common heritage of the whole world. It does this from the homeland of ceramics.

This soil, where beauty, aesthetics and art are integrated with legends, today gives life to the high quality products of Turkish Ceramics. The ceramic tradition, which started thousands of years ago with ceramic pots and bowls, now continue with Turkish ceramic ware. The soils turned into ceramic by ancient civilizations today once again makes life beautiful and facilitate living in the form of ceramics.

 

Turkish Ceramics Federation Atatürk Mah. Namık Kemal Cad. Ekincioğlu Sok. No:44/1 Ataşehir/İstanbul iinfo@turkishceramics.com
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